100-70-03 Ductile Iron

Dura-Bar 100-70-03 ductile iron contains nodular graphite in a matrix of pearlite with small amounts of ferrite. The pearlitic structure maximizes strength and wear characteristics in a non-alloyed as-cast ductile iron. This specification conforms to ASTM A536 100-70-03. Download the 100-70-03 Product Brief to learn more.

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Dura-Bar Ductile Iron 100-70-03

Microstructure

The microstructure consists of Types I & II nodular graphite as defined in ASTM A247. The matrix is ferrite with approximately 5–25% pearlite. The edge or rim will have a higher nodular count and will be mostly ferrite. Chill carbides will be less than 5% in any field at 100x and will be well dispersed.

Microstructure area diagram

Center Area

100x, etched in 5% Nital

65-45-12 ductile iron microstructure at center

Edge Area

100x, etched in 5% Nital

65-45-12 ductile iron microstructure at edge

Heat Treat Response

Dura-Bar 100-70-03 can be oil quench hardened from 1600° F (885° C) to a minimum hardness of Rockwell C 50 on the outside of the bar. The inside diameter hardness will be less than Rockwell C 50. Lower quench hardness on the inside diameters are a result of larger graphite nodules and not a loss of matrix hardness. Get more details including typical Jominy end quench curve, methods and cycle times, and temperature effects by downloading the Dura-Bar Heat Treating Guide.


Sizes

Dura-Bar Ductile 100-70-03 is a non-stock grade, which can be ordered in volume quantities from our distributors.


Technical Specifications

Chemical Composition

Carbon and silicon targets are specified for each bar size in order to maintain mechanical properties. Small amounts of alloying elements are used to stabilize the pearlitic structure. Magnesium treatment is employed to produce nodular graphite.

ElementPercentage
Carbon3.50–3.90%
Silicon2.25–3.00%
Manganese0.15–0.35%
Sulfur0.025% Max
Phosphorus0.05% Max

Mechanical Properties

Hardness properties for various diameters are shown in the table. Hardness properties listed are minimum and maximum across the bar. For rectangles, squares and shapes, the hardness properties will depend on minimum and maximum section thickness and will be supplied on request.

Size RangeBHN
InchesmmMinMax
1.000–20.00025–508255302

Tensile strength is determined from a longitudinal test specimen taken from mid-radius of the as-cast bar.

Mechanical Properties
Tensile strength psi (min)100,000
Yield strength psi (min)70,000
Elongation (min)3%

Typical Applications

Automotive:

Gears

Fluid Power:

Cylinder blocks, Gerotors, Glands, Manifolds, Pistons, Rotors, Valves

Machinery:

Barrell Rollers, Bushings, Chain Sheave Rollers, Chuck Bodies, Die Blocks, Flywheels, Gear Racks, Gears, Housings, Pile Drivers, Pulleys, Rams, Rotary Tables

Miscellaneous:

Port Plate

Power Transmission:

Gears, Pulleys

Pump and Compressor:

Gears, Housings, Liners, Pistons, Rotors

Steel Mill:


Guide Rolls, Pinch Rolls, Runout Table Rolls

Transportation:

Camshafts, Carriers, Gears, Pulleys, Rail Spacers